Contact dermatitis is characterized by the appearance of a rash after the skin has been in contact with a particular substance. Dermatitis is a kind of eczema, but most dermatologists use the terms interchangeably. Dermatitis is a common skin condition that affects millions of people.

There are two primary categories of contact dermatitis: irritating contact dermatitis and allergic contact dermatitis. Irritant contact dermatitis is the most typical form of contact dermatitis, and it manifests itself as red, itchy patches on the skin that are caused by a reaction to a substance that irritates the skin's surface. It is possible for it to happen after a single interaction with an irritant or after extended exposure to the same substance.

Plants, bleaches, solvents, shampoos, rubbing alcohol, and airborne contaminants like dust are some of the most prevalent things that can cause irritating contact dermatitis in people. Prolonged contact with moisture or water can also irritate the skin and trigger common dermatitis reactions like diaper rash or dry, cracked skin. This can happen when the skin is exposed to moisture for an extended period of time.

The inflammatory skin condition known as allergic contact dermatitis develops when a chemical to which the skin is hypersensitive sets off an immunological response in the skin. According to the American Academy of Dermatology, allergic contact dermatitis is one of the most common reasons patients are referred to a dermatologist.

In most cases, a dermatologist will determine that the allergic reaction was brought on by one of the following substances: nickel (in the jewelry), poison ivy, cosmetics, pharmaceuticals, personal care products, and products that produce a reaction due to exposure to the sun (photoallergic contact dermatitis).

This particular form of dermatitis is frequently referred to as occupational contact dermatitis because it is frequently brought on by substances that are encountered in the course of a person's work. Beauticians, vehicle mechanics, cleaners, chefs, builders, healthcare professionals, gardeners, and farmers are some examples of professions that put their employees at a higher risk of developing contact dermatitis. 

What Is Dermatitis, And How Does It Show Itself?

The term "dermatitis" is used to refer to a wide variety of skin irritations and rashes that can be brought on by a number of different things, including genetic predisposition, an overactive immune system, infections, allergies, irritants, and so on. Dryness, redness, and itching are the most frequently experienced symptoms.

The prefix "derm" signifies "skin," while the suffix "itis" indicates "inflammation." Together, these prefixes form the term "dermatitis." Therefore, the complete meaning of the phrase is "inflammation of the skin." Rashes on the skin can range from very minor to extremely severe, and their root causes can be the source of a wide variety of complications.

Dermatitis does not result in any significant long-term harm to the body. This condition is not infectious and does not indicate that the skin is unclean or contaminated in any way. There are therapies and drugs available that can help you get a handle on the symptoms of the condition.

Most of them, though, can have adverse effects, or their effect can be short-term. That's why Delfina Skin Oil is the best choice for those suffering from chronic skin dryness caused by contact dermatitis in general. Dr. Chilingaryan is delighted to have the opportunity to share his formulation for dry skin, which will allow people to find relief from the issue of dry skin and the negative effects that come along with it. 

Which Types Of Dermatitis Are There?

Varieties of dermatitis include:

  • Atopic dermatitis
  • Contact dermatitis
  • Diaper dermatitis
  • Dishditeropathic dermatitis
  • Neurodermatitis
  • Nummular dermatitis
  • Perioral/perioral dermatitis
  • Seborrhoeic dermatitis
  • Stasis dermatitis 

Who Suffers From Dermatitis?

Dermatitis can affect people of any age, from infants to older people. Some examples include:

  • Cradle cap and diaper rash are both possible for your baby.
  • Eczema, also known as atopic dermatitis, typically appears in children, but anyone of any age can get the condition.
  • Because contact dermatitis only requires skin to come into contact with a chemical, anyone can get it.
  • People who have celiac disease have an increased risk of developing dermatitis 

There are a number of things that can increase your likelihood of developing dermatitis. Some samples include:

The following are some of the risk factors for atopic dermatitis:

  • A history of dermatitis, hay fever, or asthma occurring in the family
  • Being female
  • Being African-American 

Risk factors for contact dermatitis include the following:

  • If you work in an environment where chemicals are present, such as a restaurant, garden, or factory. 

Risk factors for periorificial dermatitis include the following:

  • Being female
  • Between the ages of 15 and 45. 

The following are some of the risk factors for dyshidrotic dermatitis:

  • The case when you sweat a lot
  • An extended period of contact with irritants and/or water
  • In case you live in a warmer climate. 

What Are The Root Causes Of Dermatitis?

Dermatitis is brought on by a hypersensitive immune system, a combination of hereditary and environmental causes, and environmental factors alone. 

  • The body's immunological system - There are times when the immune system reacts excessively. In atopic dermatitis, the immune system overreacts to stimuli or allergens that seem to be of a less significant nature. Inflammation is the result of this.
  • Factors related to genetics- According to the findings of certain studies, having a family history of atopic dermatitis makes a person more likely to develop the condition. In addition, researchers have discovered alterations in genes that govern a protein that is essential to the body's ability to keep its skin healthy. Skin cannot maintain its healthy state if normal levels of this protein are not present.
  • Environment- The protective barrier that the skin provides can be replaced by the immune system if the environment is harsh enough. This results in the discharge of more moisture, which can cause dermatitis if left unchecked. Exposure to cigarette smoke and other types of air pollution are examples of environmental factors that could play a role. There is a possibility that certain soaps and skin care products include scents.
  • Exposure- Chemicals and other irritants can trigger some types of dermatitis when they come into contact with the skin. For instance, perioral dermatitis can be brought on by exposure to fluoride, which can be found in water or toothpaste.

If you have dermatitis, you may also have another ailment that is not the cause of your dermatitis but is frequently a side effect of it:

  • Sleep disturbance
  • Depression
  • Anxiety
  • Asthma
  • Allergies 

How Exactly Is Dermatitis Treated?

The treatment is determined by the specific form of dermatitis as well as its area. The first thing you need to do is stay away from whatever caused the problem. This can be caused by stress, a chemical, tobacco smoke, or any one of a number of other irritants that either create dermatitis or make it worse. The next thing you should do is give the remedies a shot on your own. The next step is to get a prescription for medicine from your primary care physician. 

What Natural Therapies Could You Use At Home?

There are several therapies that you can do at home, but you should only do them with the advice and approval of your physician:

  • Ultraviolet light- Your skin may benefit from ultraviolet light waves that are either A or B.
  • Therapy with wet wraps- Your skin will have a greater level of moisture after undergoing this treatment.
  • Baths that lighten skin- Reduce the concentration of the bleach. You should limit yourself to doing this no more than twice per week at the most. Before beginning treatment with this method, you should discuss it with your primary care physician. 

There are alternative therapies that can be done at home without the guidance of a medical professional, including the following:

  • Use a moisturizer- After you get out of the shower or bath, you should immediately apply moisturizer to your skin. This will assist in maintaining the moisture level of your skin.
  • Take care not to overheat- Maintain a cool temperature in the room, and try to stay away from anything too humid.
  • Take care of your skin- Avoid coming into contact with anything that has the potential to irritate your skin. This includes more robust materials for clothes, such as wool.
  • Get some rest and relax- Take the necessary measures to maintain a low level of stress. If you feel it is essential, seek the help of a therapist who can provide counseling or a psychiatrist who can prescribe medicine.
  • Take a relaxing hot bath- Be sure to use lukewarm water, not hot. It is not recommended to take more than one shower or bath every day.
  • Use mild soap- Use unscented soap or detergent.
  • Try not to scratch yourself- Itching can make dermatitis symptoms worse. You run the danger of infecting the skin if you do this. 
We recommend Delfina Skin Oil as our solution for treatment and prevention of eczeme.


What Forms Of Contact Dermatitis Are There?

There are two primary forms of contact dermatitis, which are as follows:

  • A condition known as allergic contact dermatitis- Occurs when the body has an allergic reaction to a chemical (allergen) that it is unable to tolerate. The most prevalent allergens are found in cosmetics, scents, and preservatives, as well as metals that are used in jewelry (such as nickel). After a few days, you may get a rash that is red and itchy.
  • Irritant contact dermatitis is a painful rash that typically appears in a short amount of time as a reaction to an irritant. Detergents, soaps, other cleaning products, and acids are the most typical types of irritants. 

What Are The Factors That Lead To Allergic Contact Dermatitis?

When an allergen that the skin cannot tolerate is allowed to come into contact with it, the immune system of the body will react. Inflammation is caused by the release of white blood cells into the skin, which then causes the skin to produce chemical mediators. This reaction results in a rash that is irritating. After coming into touch with the allergen, the rash may occur minutes, hours, or even days later.

The rash known as allergic contact dermatitis is frequently brought on by contact with poison ivy. Other factors include the following:

  • Perfume
  • Metals such as nickel
  • Plant components
  • Medications, including several kinds of antibiotics
  • Preservatives 

How Does Irritant Contact Dermatitis Develop?

It is more frequent to have irritant contact dermatitis as opposed to allergic contact dermatitis. When the uppermost layers of the skin are irritated by a chemical, the result is a rash. The rash is more painful than itchy at this point.

Irritant contact dermatitis is most frequently brought on by the following:

  • Acids.
  • Alkalis, for example, those used in drain cleaners.
  • Fluids found within the body, such as urine and saliva.
  • Certain plants, such as poinsettias and peppers.
  • Hair dyes.
  • Remover for nail polish or other types of solvents.
  • Coatings such as paints and varnishes
  • Soaps or powerful detergents.
  • Epoxy resins, polymers, and various types of resins. 


Skin that has had direct contact with the substance that is causing the reaction can develop a condition known as contact dermatitis. For instance, if someone has poison ivy on their leg, they may develop a rash on that area of their body. The rash may begin minutes or hours after being exposed to the substance, and it may last between two and four weeks.

There is a wide range of variability in the signs and symptoms of contact dermatitis, including:

  • Irritable rash
  • Areas of skin that are darker than usual and most commonly appear on tanned or black skin.
  • Scaly, cracked, and dry skin (most commonly seen in people with white skin).
  • Symptoms, including pimples and blisters, and occasionally rashes and crusts
  • Swelling, burning, or pain 


The rash, known as contact dermatitis, is brought on by coming into contact with a chemical that either irritates or brings on an allergic reaction in the skin. It is possible that the material is one of the thousands of allergies and irritants that are already identified. It is not uncommon for irritant and allergic reactions to occur simultaneously.

Irritant contact dermatitis is the most typical variety of skin conditions known as contact dermatitis. This skin reaction is not an allergic response and occurs when an irritant causes damage to the skin's upper protective layer.

Some individuals have a reaction to powerful irritants after only one interaction with them. Some people break out in a rash after being repeatedly exposed to even relatively mild irritants like soap and water. Additionally, with time, some people are able to increase their tolerance to the chemical.

The most frequent causes of irritation are:

  • Solvents
  • Rubber gloves
  • Bleaches and detergents
  • Hair care products
  • Soaps
  • Fertilizers and pesticides 

Allergic Contact Dermatitis

Most of the time, the only part of the body that is impacted by an allergy is the one that has come into touch with it. On the other hand, it may also be brought on by substances that enter the body via the digestive tract, the olfactory system, medical or dental operations, or drugs.

In most cases, sensitivity occurs after an extended period of repeated exposure to allergens over a period of years. When an allergy to a specific drug has already evolved, even a trace amount of that material can cause a reaction to occur.

These are some of the most frequent allergens:

  • Nickel- A metal that is frequently found in jewelry, brooches, and other accessories.
  • Medications like topical antibiotic creams and ingredients can be found in a variety of goods, including fragrances, kinds of toothpaste, mouthwashes, and flavorings.
  • Formaldehyde can be present in a variety of items, including preservatives, cosmetics, and others.
  • In cosmetics, body washes, and other types of personal care items like hair dyes and body lotions
  • Plants like poison ivy and mangoes, which contain a highly allergenic chemical called urushiol, can cause a variety of allergic reactions in people.
  • Allergens that are carried in the air, such as ragweed pollen and pesticides
  • Some skincare products and cosmetics, as well as other products, can produce photoallergic contact dermatitis, which is a reaction that occurs when the skin is exposed to sunlight.

The most common allergens that cause allergic contact dermatitis in children include things like coming into contact with diapers, baby wipes, earrings, clothing with pins or colors, and other similar items. 

Several Risks

People whose jobs or hobbies put them in contact with particular substances more frequently may have a higher prevalence of contact dermatitis. Some examples:

  • Agricultural workers
  • Cleaners
  • Workers engaged in construction
  • Cooks and other employees that handle food
  • Florists
  • Cosmetologists and beauty specialists
  • Personnel in the healthcare industry, including dentists
  • Drivers
  • Mechanics
  • Divers or swimmers on swimming masks or goggle rubbers 

Prevent The Occurrence

You can avoid developing contact dermatitis by taking these preventative precautions:

  • Stay away from irritants and allergies. When getting piercings in your ears or elsewhere on your body, it is best to use jewelry composed of hypoallergenic materials such as surgical steel or gold.
  • You should wash your skin. If you wash your skin quickly after coming into touch with the substance that created the rash, you will be able to remove the majority of the substance that caused the rash. This holds true whether the rash was caused by poison ivy, poison oak, or poison hemlock. Make use of a soap that is odorless and gentle, along with some warm water. Perform a thorough washing. In addition, wash any clothing or other objects that you think might have come into touch with the allergen from the plant, such as poison ivy, because it is important to get rid of it.
  • Put on protective gear such as gloves or clothing. You can protect yourself from irritants, including household cleaners, by using face masks, goggles, gloves, and other types of protective gear.
  • Apply an iron-on patch to cover metal fasteners near the skin. This can help prevent a reaction, for example, to the zippers on jeans.
  • Make use of a cream or gel that offers protection. These products have the potential to form a barrier of protection on the skin.
  • Make use of creams that moisturize. Utilizing a moisturizing cream on a consistent basis can assist in restoring the skin's outermost layer and maintaining its suppleness.
  • Be cautious with animals in the house. Plant allergies, such as those found in poison ivy, can be transmitted from animals to humans and vice versa. If you suspect that your pet has come in contact with poison ivy or other plants in the same family, you should feed it. 
Delfina Dry Skin Oil is a doctor-developed and revolutionary product not only has been effective in battling against eczema for adults, but for babies as well.

Contact Dermatitis Treatment: At-Home Treatment

Contact Dermatitis is very common. The vast majority of people will, at some point in their lives, suffer from a case of contact dermatitis. 

In the vast majority of instances, contact dermatitis is not a dangerous condition and often recovers on its own in about three weeks. The healing process can be sped up with proper home care, and the patient will have greater comfort throughout this time. 

Discover The Sources Of Irritation And Avoid Them

When treating contact dermatitis, avoiding items that are known to irritate the skin is one of the most vital aspects of the treatment process.

There are some instances in which you will be able to identify the source of your contact dermatitis right away. For instance, a rash may occur on your armpits if you switch up the kind of deodorant you use, or it may appear on your eyelids if you experiment with new eye makeup. In some other instances, you might need to conduct a little bit of research in order to find out.

Consider all of the new things that have recently entered your life, such as skin or hair care products, washing products, perfumes or aromas, household cleansers, jewelry, and even clothing.

In many cases, the precise area of the rash might put a spotlight on its underlying cause. You should also consider the possibility that the formulations of the products you've used throughout the years may have evolved. It is also extremely feasible, and in fact quite typical, for individuals to develop sensitivities to products that they have used for an extended period of time. 

Use Cold Compresses

The symptoms of contact dermatitis often include a severe itching sensation. Tingling, itching, and burning are all symptoms that can be alleviated with cool, wet compresses. Apply a cloth that has been wet with cold water and place it on the rash many times a day for 10 to 15 minutes each time. Itchy skin rash is very common among most people suffering from contact dermatitis symptoms. 

Baths Of Warm Water Or Oatmeal Can Be Taken.

A pleasant way to relax is in a warm bath. Do not use bubble baths or bath additives that have a perfumed aroma. They may aggravate the condition more.

Oatmeal has been shown to have a calming effect and relieve irritation.

Bath additives made from colloidal oatmeal are readily available for purchase without the need for a physician's prescription. Check to see that the product you purchase does not have any smells that could potentially cause irritation.

Making an oatmeal bath is another option that is simple and affordable as well.

You could alternatively cover the oats in a thin towel or a nylon sock, place it in a cotton muslin or silk bag, or put it in a bag made of cotton muslin. After that, submerge the entire bundle in warm bath water.

When you take a bath, you should steer clear of perfumed body washes and soaps. You can try using soaps that are gentle and fragrance-free, but if you find that they make the rash worse, stick to using plain water until the skin recovers. 

Moisturize Frequently

Dry skin that has cracked should have moisturizer applied to it so that it can be protected and soothed while it heals. However, you should be careful when selecting your moisturizers because fragrant creams might make irritation worse. Make careful to pick a product that doesn't have any added aroma and is safe for people who have allergies. 

Delfina Skin Oil is the best option to choose for people suffering from chronic skin dryness caused by atopic dermatitis. Apply the product as frequently as necessary throughout the day to alleviate dryness, and do so right before going to bed. The use of Delfina Skin Oil on a consistent basis can assist in the healing and strengthening of the skin barrier, as well as in lowering the risk of developing contact dermatitis.

Even after the rash has cleared up, you can keep applying gentle moisturizers to the affected area. 

Putting A Cover On The Affected Region

Putting clothing over the rash can help stop it from being scratched and eliminate the need for a physical barrier. This is especially good advice for younger children who are unable to prevent the irritating itchy rash from appearing. 

Reducing One's Exposure While On The Job

The material that an individual is exposed to on the job is the root cause of contact dermatitis for many individuals.

Persons who work in industries such as hairdressing and beauty services, healthcare, as housekeepers or cleaners, cooks, or florists, as well as people in these other professions, are particularly at risk.

There are things that you can do to lower your exposure, including the following:

  • Always protect your hands by wearing gloves.
  • Always protect yourself by wearing protective gear such as a face mask, goggles, long sleeves, and long pants.
  • It is important to stay away from anything that could potentially irritate your skin.
  • Latex might cause irritation, so use non-latex or nitrile gloves.
  • If you require additional assistance, you should consult a health expert for guidance on how to prevent irritants while working. 

Specific Methods And Techniques

Phototherapy, which is also known as light therapy, is not a popular treatment for contact dermatitis; however, it is an option that might be considered in the event that previous treatments do not result in an improvement in the rash.

In phototherapy, a specialized lamp that exposes the patient's skin to the light of a predetermined wavelength is used. The most popular form of treatment for contact dermatitis is the application of narrow UVB radiation. The light can be focused on particular portions of the body that are affected, or if the contact dermatitis is widespread, the whole body can be treated.

The duration of the treatment ranges anywhere from a few seconds to many minutes. It must be done over a period of several months and at regular intervals in order for it to be successful.

Even for patients whose condition has not improved despite receiving other treatments, phototherapy can be quite beneficial due to the fact that it is very effective. The only drawback is that it takes a longer amount of time to have an impact; it is debatable whether you will see a major improvement for several months after beginning treatment. In the meanwhile, you will need to make frequent visits to the doctor's office for treatment, often as much as multiple times in a single week.

Phototherapy is utilized when conventional treatments are unsuccessful, and in most cases, it is reserved solely for the treatment of severe or persistent contact dermatitis. 

The Bottom Line

The condition known as contact dermatitis is very common. A case of contact dermatitis is something that will affect the vast majority of people at some time in their lives at some point in their lives.

The vast majority of people who get contact dermatitis do not put their health in danger, and the ailment often clears up on its own in approximately three weeks' time. If the patient receives the appropriate treatment at home, the healing process can be accelerated, and the patient will experience a higher level of comfort throughout this period.

When treating contact dermatitis, avoiding things that are known to irritate the skin is one of the most important components of the treatment process. Avoiding these things is one of the most critical aspects of the therapy procedure.

There are some cases in which you will be able to pinpoint the exact cause of your contact dermatitis immediately away. These cases are rare, but they do occur. For instance, a rash may form on your eyelids if you try out a new eye makeup, or it may appear on your armpits if you use a different type of deodorant than you are accustomed to using.

Think about all of the new things that have lately been introduced into your life, such as new skin or hair care products, washing products, perfumes or scents, household cleansers, and jewelry.

People who suffer from chronic skin dryness caused by atopic dermatitis should consider using Delfina Skin Oil as their primary topical treatment. Apply the product as often as necessary throughout the day to alleviate the dryness, and then apply it one more right before you go to bed. Regular application of this revolutionary product can be of assistance in the treatment process, as well as in the building of the skin barrier, and can also help reduce the likelihood of developing other skin conditions like atopic dermatitis.